Morphological and biochemical variation in Sea buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides ssp. turkestanica, a multipurpose plant from Pakistan.

Ahmad, S.D. and A H. Shah

University College of Agriculture Rawalakot AK, Pakistan


Sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides ssp. turkestanica) a member of family Elaeagnaceae is very important multipurpose plant in northern areas of Pakistan. It is an ideal plant for preventing soil erosion and land reclamation, can withstand extremes of the temperature ranging from 55°C to -43°C and grow well under drought conditions and variable soil pH. The fruit is rich in nutrients and medicinal compounds such as vitamins, carotene, flavonoids, essential oil, carbohydrates, organic acids, amino acids, and soluble sugars. The plants are also important as fuel wood, fencing, fodder, soil erosion control, to make soil fertile by nitrogen fixation in roots and for the purpose of shelterbelts. In order to compare various populations of Sea buckthorn for morphological and biochemical composition, 10 populations from different areas of northern Pakistan were compared using plant and fruit characters. The purpose of the investigation was to identify the variable populations for different valuable charact