Seabuckthorn in Mongolia

G.Ochirbat Institute of Botany, MAS

Seabuckthorn (Hipphophae rhamnoides L.) is very much populity berry among the ancient and modern Mongolia. Because seabuckthorn successful growing in the difficult acclimatization condition on the wild and culture. In Mongolia strong effect of spring and autumn frozen on all fruit and berry plants.

Especially in mid May, when flowering seabuckthorn, in Mongolia generally frozen happening. But it is successful overcome this difficult period for all flowering plants.

In autumn, that is, in end august, when often frozening , time is ripeness for its berry. This period is maximal carotin accumulation of fruit. In further carotin accumulation decreased in fruit, but others substance increased.

On of astonishment on seabuckthorn is it patience 300 and more minus degree cold weather in nature and it not lose its high-quality.

In end 1990 years in Mongolia considered about 10.0 thousand hectare seabuckthorn wild grove, along river basin Orkhon, Selenge, Tes, Zavkhan, Khovd and other rivers. To be organized about 500 hectare plantation from Russia and Mongolia national variety kinds of Seabuckthorn. In our country from Seabuckthorn fruit prepared oil, vitamin-juice, different drink, wine and pharmaceutics preparations.

But in the last time from 1992 to 2001, majority this plantation abandoned no departure.

Large negative influence is on the nature grove seabuckthorn.

In present situation is many problems for seabuckthorn in Mongolia. I like my supply and demand in quality programmed review for study and process of production to Mongolian seabuckthorn.